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As they say, all roads lead to Rome, or the ‘eternal city’ as it is often called. One of the most captivating cities in the world, Rome is the capital and also the largest city in Italy. The rich history, architecture and the culture of the city have made it an ideal setting for over 1700 novels by some of the greatest writers in the past. It may not be the Caput Mundi anymore, but it is certainly one of the must see places of the world. Visit Rome just once, and it will leave you wanting to return for more.
History of Rome
The 2000 year long history of the Italian capital tells you one thing for sure – Rome was not built in a day. The city, which started off as just a small Latin village, flourished and grew under the rule of several emperors and became the center of one of the greatest empires in the world.
Legend has it that Rome was founded by the abandoned twins, Romulus and Remus, who were brought up by a mother wolf. The village was founded in 8th century BC and became the capital of the Roman Kingdom by the year 500 BC. By 27 BC, it became one of the most powerful cities and the hub of the Roman Empire. The empire perished during the 5th century AD, but Rome stood tall.
Today, it is home to some of the greatest architectural marvels and offers a diverse range of activities to suit every traveler’s interests. Whether you want to explore every nook and corner of the city or just laze around at the road side cafes or book stores, you will surely have a grand time during your Roman holiday.
What to See and Do
The religious and the political importance that Rome gained in the past has made it home to some of the most extravagant churches in the world. The city is also known for housing a number of beautiful fountains, parks and gardens, bridges, statues and buildings that speak about the multiple facets of roman architecture. Among the architectural buildings you must see in Rome are the Colosseum and the Pantheon that depict ancient roman architecture , the St. Peter’s Basilica and the Piazza del Campidoglio that depict the neo- classicist and the renaissance architecture respectively, and the Palazzo della Farnesina that depicts the modern fascist architecture of Rome.
When in Rome, don’t forget to do what the Romans do. Indulge in the Italian pizza, pasta, cheese and wine and be sure to attend at least one show in one of the many theaters in the city.
Getting In and Around
As the capital city of Italy, Rome is well connected to the major cities around the world. The Leonardo da Vinci International Airport is the main airport, while the Ciampino International Airport is for low-cost flights. Both public and private transport options are available for traveling to and from the airports and to the various places of interest in the city. But the most romantic way to enjoy Rome is to go on foot or on bicycle. You can also visit other places of interest around Rome by rail or road.